The majority of Canadians start smoking at ages 13 to 14. In 2010, the smoking rate for Canadians aged 15 to 19 was 13 per cent. In Alberta it was 18 per cent. For every tobacco price increase of 10 per cent, consumption decreases by four per cent.
Flavoured tobacco makes inhaling the product seem easier and makes the smoke feel milder. Two common flavours — licorice and cocoa — produce carcinogens (cancer causing substances) when burned – these are carcinogens in addition to those already existing in tobacco products. Chew tobacco is available in youth appealing flavour “blends” including green apple, cherry, berry, peach, vanilla, wintergreen and spearmint.
- Smokeless tobacco contains over 3,000 chemicals, including at least 28 carcinogens (cancer causing substances).
- One pinch of smokeless tobacco held in the mouth for 30 minutes releases as much nicotine as smoking three to four cigarettes.
Smoking in Cars
Second hand smoking causes ear infections, breathing problems, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and serious diseases in children. Children have higher breathing rates that lead to increased absorption of the harmful chemicals in second hand smoke.
- Heart disease is the leading cause of death in smokers.
- The health consequences of using smokeless tobacco include: bad breath, stained teeth, drooling, mouth sores, and cancers of the mouth and throat.
- More than 80 per cent of lung cancers occur in smokers.